six demon bag
Wind, fire, all that kind of thing!
When setting up RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) or CentOS systems I always find it handy to have a local repository with the RPMs from the install media. On hosts without Internet connection it saves me the trouble of having to shuffle install media around whenever I need to install an additional package after the system was initially set up. Even if the host is configured to use an online repository, keeping a local repository doesn't hurt except for a little extra disk space, which is cheap enough these days.
First create a directory for the new repository (e.g.
with a subdirectory
repodata and switch to the repository directory:
mkdir -p /srv/repo/dvd/repodata cd /srv/repo/dvd
Mount the RHEL CD or DVD, copy the RPMs to the
repository directory and create a copy of the comps XML file in the
mount /dev/sr0 /mnt cp -a /mnt/Packages/*.rpm . cp /mnt/repodata/*comps*.xml ./repodata/comps.xml umount /mnt
Import the GPG key:
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
For createing the local repository you need the
If it isn't already installed, you can install it from the RPMs you
just copied to the repository directory:
rpm -i deltarpm-*.rpm rpm -i python-deltarpm-*.rpm rpm -i createrepo-*.rpm
Next use the following command to create the repository:
createrepo -g repodata/comps.xml .
The command output should look somewhat like this:
Spawning worker 0 with 3720 pkgs Workers Finished Gathering worker results Saving Primary metadata Saving file lists metadata Saving other metadata Generating sqlite DBs Sqlite DBs complete
Create a file
/etc/yum.repos.d/dvd.repo with the following content:
[RHEL6-Server-DVD] name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever - $basearch (DVD) baseurl=file:///srv/repo/dvd enabled=1 gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
After cleaning up the Yum cache the command
yum repolist should show
the new local repository:
root@copernicum:~ # yum clean all Loaded plugins: product-id, security, subscription-manager This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register. Cleaning repos: RHEL6-Server-DVD Cleaning up Everything root@copernicum:~ # yum repolist Loaded plugins: product-id, security, subscription-manager This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register. RHEL6-Server-DVD | 3.6 kB 00:00 ... RHEL6-Server-DVD/primary_db | 3.1 MB 00:00 ... repo id repo name status RHEL6-Server-DVD Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server - x86_64 (DVD) 3,720 repolist: 3,720
Posted 16:30 [permalink]